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Thursday, July 19, 2012

Port Of Nagoya, Japan

The Port of Nagoya is the capital of Aichi Prefecture in east central Japan. It is also one of the country's busiest industrial centers. Located at the head of Ise Bay off the Pacific Ocean, the Port of Nagoya is about 20 kilometers northwest of the Port of Kinuura and almost 140 kilometers east-northeast of the Port of Osaka. The Port of Nagoya is Japan's third biggest incorporated city and its fourth most populous metropolitan area. In 2005, the Port of Nagoya was home to over 2.2 million people, and more than 8.7 million people live in the metropolitan area.

The Port of Nagoya is one of the country's busiest and most important ports. The city's central location and its abundant hydroelectric power have stimulated heavy industry in the region. The Port of Nagoya's traditional industries produced timepieces, sewing machines, and bicycles. Modern industries produce chemicals, special steels, oil, and petrochemicals. Shipbuilding, aviation, and automotive industries have also flourished in the Port of Nagoya.

The Nagoya Port Authority was established by Aichi Prefecture and Nagoya City in 1951. Regulated by the Port and Harbor Law, the Nagoya Port Authority is the port administrator responsible for planning, constructing, and improving port infrastructure and facilities; maintaining and managing the port area to assure efficient operations; and conducting public works required for use of the port. Private interests provide stevedoring services, preserve the water surface, and manage intra-harbor traffic in the Port of Nagoya.

The modern Port of Nagoya opened for international trade in late 1907, and today, it has trade partnerships with about 150 countries. The biggest port in Japan for cargo throughput, the Port of Nagoya handles all types of cargo. It is one of Japan's five major ports (with Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, and Kobe), handling about 11% of the country's total trade value and accounting for some 62% of Japan's trade surplus. The Port of Nagoya is the first automobile exporting port in the country, exporting almost two million finished automobiles each year.

In 2008, the Port of Nagoya handled a record 218 million tons of cargo, including 138 million tons of international trade, with growing exports in automobile parts, industrial machinery, and rubber products and increasing imports of liquefied natural gas and ore. The Port of Nagoya handled over 46.5 million tons of containerized cargo in 2.6 million TEUs, almost equally divided between exports and imports.

The Port of Nagoya served a total of over 38.7 thousand vessels in 2008, including almost 4.4 thousand container ships, 8.9 thousand ocean-going vessels, and 29.8 coastal vessels. Of the total 218.1 million tons of cargo, 138.2 million tons was international cargo, and 79.9 million tons was domestic cargo. International cargoes handled by the Port of Nagoya included 81.4 million tons of imports and 56.8 million tons of exports. Handling a total of more than 2.8 million TEUs of containerized cargo in 2008, the Port of Nagoya handled over 2.6 million TEUs of international containers and 186.3 thousand TEUs of domestic containers.

The Port of Nagoya is approached through three major channels. The East Channel is 10 kilometers long, 500-610 meters wide, and 15 meters deep. The West Channel is 8.4 kilometers long, 350-400 meters wide, and from 12-15 meters deep. The Port of Nagoya's North Channel is five kilometers long, 200-400 meters wide, and from 10-12 meters deep. The Port of Nagoya plans to further dredge and expand the East and West Channels to accommodate the increasing size of container ships.

In the Port of Nagoya's Inner Port are four mooring buoys. Three buoys can accommodate two 27 thousand DWT vessels, and one buoy can accommodate one 20 thousand DWT vessel. The West Seafront Area contains eight buoys. Two sets of four buoys can each accommodate three 15 thousand DWT vessels.

The Port of Nagoya is also served by three major canals. The Nakagawa Canal is 8.4 kilometers long, from 35-63 meters wide, and 2.6 meters deep. The Hori-kawa Canal is 10.1 kilometers long, 17 meters wide, and 1.8 meters deep. The Shin Hori-kawa Canal is almost 5.7 kilometers long, 17 meters wide, and 2.2 meters deep.

The Port of Nagoya contains a total of 287 berths (with a depth of 4.5 meters and over) with a total length of more than 34.7 kilometers. Of those 287 berths, 127 are public berths, 151 are private berths, and nine are owned and operated by Public Corporation, NCB, Tobishima Pier South Side.

The Port of Nagoya also contains over 275.6 hectares of warehouses, 53.2 hectares of sheds, 73.3 hectares of cargo-handling yards, 22.5 hectares of coal yards, 234.7 hectares of timber yards, and 341.1 hectares of open storage yards. The Nagoya Port Authority operates 154.8 thousand square meters of sheds and 733.2 thousand square meters of cargo-handling yards, while the remaining storage areas in the Port of Nagoya are operated by private interests. The Port Authority also operates 212.5 hectares of timber yards and 97.3 thousand square meters of open storage.

The Port of Nagoya's six container terminals cover a total area of 151 hectares and contain 14 berths with a total length of 4105 meters with depths from 10 to 15 meters. They have combined box capacity for 72.9 thousand TEUs and throughput capacity for a total of almost 2.9 million TEUs. They also contain a total 1007 reefer plugs. Four of the container terminals operate at the Tobishima Pier, forming the Port of Nagoya's biggest container center.

There are two public container terminals at the Port of Nagoya's Tobishima Pier. With throughput capacity for over 493 thousand TEUs, the South Terminal covers an area of 22.5 hectares. It has two berths of 700 meters with alongside depth of 15 meters. The South Terminal has box capacity for over 15.9 thousand TEUs and includes 140 reefer plugs. The Port of Nagoya's North Terminal contains three berths with a total length of 620 meters and depths from 10 to 12 meters. Covering 17 hectares, the North Terminal has box capacity for 6.2 thousand TEUs, 110 reefer plugs, and throughput capacity for over 349.2 thousand TEUs.



The Tobishima Pier South Side Container Terminal in the Port of Nagoya contains two berths that can handle container vessels to 100 thousand DWT. Berths TS1 and TS2 are 750 meters long and have alongside depth of 16 meters. This Port of Nagoya container terminal covers 35.3 hectares, and it has box capacity for more than 17.6 thousand TEUs. It also contains 240 reefer plugs and throughput capacity for almost 324.2 thousand TEUs.

The Port of Nagoya's NCB Container Terminal is a joint venture between the Nagoya Port Authority and major Japanese shipping companies. It has three Berths (R1, R2, and R3) with a total length of 900 meters and alongside depth of 12 meters. Each berth can handle a 35 thousand DWT vessel. Covering 28.9 hectares, this Port of Nagoya container terminal has box capacity for 10.2 thousand TEUs, 189 reefer plugs, and throughput capacity of 528.4 thousand TEUs.

The Port of Nagoya's Berth T1 serves the Nabeta Container Terminal in the Port of Nagoya and can accommodate one 50 thousand DWT container vessel. The Nabeta terminal covers 38.5 hectares and has box capacity for almost 19.9 thousand TEUs. It includes 296 reefer plugs and has throughput capacity for 841.6 thousand TEUs. The Nabeta Container Terminal was developed by the Nagoya Port Public Terminal Corporation.

The 127 public berths in the Port of Nagoya are distributed at 15 piers. With a total length of 15.8 thousand meters, the berths are concentrated at the Kinjo Pier (35 berths of 6.4 thousand meters), Shiomi Pier (20 berths of 200 meters for small oil tankers), Sorami Pier (13 berths of 1.2 thousand meters), and Funami Pier (11 berths of 991 meters). The Port of Nagoya's Tobishima Pier offers seven public berths of 1.7 thousand meters, and the Inaei Pier offers eight berths of 1200 meters.

The Shionagi Pier's Public Berths 27-29, handle coal cargoes. The berths are 405 meters long with alongside depths from 5.5 to 10 meters, and they can accommodate vessels of two, five, and 15 thousand DWT. Three berths at the Shionagi Pier in the Port of Nagoya handle coal and steel products. Berth 31 is 60 meters long with alongside depth of 4.5 meters, and it can accommodate one vessel of 700 DWT. Berth 32 is 130 meters long with alongside depth of 7.5 meters, and it can accommodate one vessel five thousand DWT. Berth 33 is 185 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters, and it can accommodate one vessel of 15 thousand DWT.

Three Port of Nagoya piers have public berths that handle containers. The Tobishima Pier has three berths, Berths 90-92, with a total length of 620 meters and alongside depths from 10-12 meters that can accommodate two 15 thousand DWT and one 35 thousand DWT vessels. Berths 93-94 at the Port of Nagoya's Tobishima Pier are a total 700 meters long with alongside depth of 15 meters, and they can handle two 50 thousand DWT container vessels. Kinjo Pier Berths 76-77 are 400 meters long with alongside depth of 10.5 meters and can accommodate vessels of 10 and 20 thousand DWT. The Nabeta Pier, Berth T2, in the Port of Nagoya is 385 meters long with alongside depth of 14 meters, and it can handle one 50 thousand DWT container vessel.

Eleven Port of Nagoya piers contain 30 public berths with a total length of 4200 meters that specialize in handling general cargoes. Garden Pier has two public general cargo berths in the Port of Nagoya. Berth 1 is 245 meters long with alongside depths from 4.5 to 10 meters, and it can accommodate two vessels, one of 700 DWT and one of 15 thousand DWT. Handling one 15 thousand DWT vessel, the Port of Nagoya's Garden Pier Berth 2 is 185 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters. Ote Pier Berths 11 and 12 are 260 meters long with alongside depth of 7.5 meters, and each can handle five thousand DWT vessels.

Also handling general cargoes, the Sorami Pier Berths 50, 51, and 70 in the Port of Nagoya have mooring capacity for seven vessels. Handling vessels to 15 thousand DWT, Berth 50 is 180 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters. Berth 51 can handle two vessels of 700 DWT, and it is 120 meters long with alongside depth of 4.5 meters. Sorami Berth 70 is 360 meters long with alongside depth of 5.5 meters, and it can accommodate four two thousand DWT vessels.

The Port of Nagoya's Kinjo Pier has four public berths that handle general cargo with a total length of 2850 meters. With mooring capacity for 18 vessels, the Kinjo Pier berths range in depth from 5.5 to 12 meters. Berths 63-67 are a total 1000 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters, and each berth can accommodate one 15 thousand DWT vessel. Berth 71 is 450 meters long and 5.5 meters deep, and it can accommodate five two-thousand DWT vessels.

The Port of Nagoya's Kinjo Pier Berths 72-75 are 520 meters long with alongside depth of 7.5 meters, and each can accommodate one five thousand DWT vessel. Berths 82-84 at the Kinjo Pier are 600 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters. Each of these Port of Nagoya general cargo berths can accommodate one 15 thousand DWT vessel. Kinjo Pier Berth 85 is 280 meters long and 12 meters deep, and it can handle one 50 thousand gross ton vessel.

Six Port of Nagoya public berths at the Kinjo Pier handle automobiles. Piers 52 and 53 are 497 meters long with alongside depth of 12 meters, and each can accommodate one 35 thousand DWT vessel. Accommodating 15 thousand DWT vessels, Berths 54-57 are a total 800 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters.

The Port of Nagoya's hinterland is home to Japan's highly-productive automobile industry. In addition to the almost two million passenger cars, buses, and trucks exported through the Port of Nagoya each year, the port also exports over 113.5 thousand motorbikes. Two car terminals operated by an auto manufacturer are located at the Port of Nagoya's Shimpo Pier, which contains a 38-thousand-car capacity yard, an inspection facility, and a test course.

Handling both general cargoes and automobiles, three piers in the Port of Nagoya contain berths of 2790 meters in length and depths from 4.5 to 12 meters. Inaei Pier Berths 22-24 are 540 meters long and 10 meters deep, and they can each accommodate one 15 thousand DWT vessel. Also accommodating vessels to 15 thousand DWT, Inaei Pier Berth 25 is 200 meters long and 10 meters deep. Inaei Pier Berth 26 is 140 meters long with alongside depth of 4.5 meters, and it can accommodate two 700 DWT vessels.

The Kinjo Pier in the Port of Nagoya has mooring capacity for seven vessels handling general cargo and automobiles. Berths 58-62 are a total one thousand meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters, and each can handle vessels to 15 thousand DWT. Berths 80-81 are 400 meters long with alongside depth of 10 and 10.5 meters, and each can handle vessels to 15 thousand DWT.

The Port of Nagoya's Yatomi Pier, Berths 6 and 7, are each 240 meters long with alongside depth of 12 meters and can accommodate vessels to 30 thousand DWT carrying general cargoes and automobiles.

Specializing in heavy products and automobiles and accommodating vessels to 15 thousand DWT, Kinjo Pier Berths 78 and 79 in the Port of Nagoya are 400 meters long with alongside depth of 10.5 meters.

Handling general cargo, cotton, and grain, the Port of Nagoya's Inaei Pier Berths 17 and 18 can accommodate vessels to 8 thousand DWT. They are 320 meters long with alongside depth of 9 meters.

The Port of Nagoya's Oe Pier has two public berths that handle general cargo and heavy products, and each can handle vessels to 15 thousand DWT. Berth 38 is 185 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters, and Berth 39 is 213 meters long with alongside depth of 9 meters.

The Funami Pier in the Port of Nagoya has 11 mooring points for vessels carrying sand and stone. Berths 43-45 are 420 meters long with alongside depth of 5.5 meters and four of the mooring points can accommodate vessels of two thousand DWT while one handles one vessel of 700 DWT. Funami Berths 46-48 in the Port of Nagoya include five mooring points with capacity for two thousand DWT vessels, and one has capacity for one 700 DWT vessel. These Port of Nagoya berths are a total 571 meters long with alongside depth of 5.5 meters.

Lumber and lumber products at the Port of Nagoya public berths are handled at the Tobishima Pier and the Yatomi Pier. Tobishima Pier Berths 98 and 99, handling lumber, are 370 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters, and they can accommodate vessels to 15 thousand DWT. Lumber and general cargoes are handled at Port of Nagoya's Yatomi Pier Berths 88 and 89 in the Port of Nagoya. Handling vessels to five thousand DWT, the berths are 260 meters long with alongside depth of 7.5 meters.

The Port of Nagoya's Yokosuka Pier Berth 86 has seven mooring points for 700 DWT vessels carrying building materials. They are a total 420 meters long with alongside depth of 4.5 meters.

The Showa Pier in the Port of Nagoya has two public berths that specialize in fertilizer and chemical cargoes. Berths 40 and 41 are 240 meters long with alongside depth of 7.3 meters, and they can each handle vessels to five thousand DWT.

The public berth at the Port of Nagoya's Kitahama Pier handles light industrial products at four mooring points at Berth 87 with a total length of 240 meters and alongside depth of 4.5 meters.

The Port of Nagoya's Sorami Pier public berths, Berths 95-97, have six mooring points totaling 540 meters in length with alongside depth of 5.5 meters. Four of the berths can accommodate vessels to two thousand DWT. One berth handles vessels to 1500 DWT, and one handles vessels to 700 DWT.

The Garden Pier in the Port of Nagoya has two berths for passenger vessels. Berth 3 is 210 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters, and it can handle vessels up to 20 thousand gross tons. Berth 5 is 65 meters long and 4.5 meters deep, and it can handle vessels to 500 gross tons.

The Public Corporation operates the Ferry Terminal in the Port of Nagoya and the Nabeta Container Terminal. Berths V1, V2, and V3 serve the Port of Nagoya Ferry Terminal, handling both passengers and fresh food, has a total length of 663 meters of berths and alongside depth of 7.5 meters. The three berths can accommodate vessels of seven thousand (1 berth) and ten thousand (2 berths) gross tons.

An additional 41 private berths in the Port of Nagoya are a cumulative 4967 meters long, and they can accommodate vessels to 275.4 thousand DWT. A total 11.3 thousand meters long, the Lighter Wharf has 110 mooring points, including those in the Isewan Sea, with capacity for a total 2.6 million DWT.

The Port of Nagoya continues to develop facilities to accommodate ever-increasing cargo volumes and larger ocean-going vessels. The Port of Nagoya will add a new container berth to the existing berths in operation at the Tobishima Pier. The new berth will be 250 meters long, 500 meters wide, and 12 meters deep. A new container berth will also be added to the Port of Nagoya's Nabeta Pier to meet increasing demands in foreign container trade. The new deep-water, high-standard container berth will be 350 meters long, 500 meters wide, and 14 meters deep, and it will be a reinforced earthquake-resistant structure.

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