The Port of Jakarta is the largest Indonesian seaport and one of the largest seaports in the Java Sea basin, with an annual traffic capacity of around 45 million tonnes of cargo and 4,000,000 TEU's.
The port is also an important employer in the area, with more than 18,000 employees who provide services to more than 18,000 ships every year.
Until 1949, the Port of Jakarta was called Batavia, and from 1949 until 1972, it was Djakarta. Its ancient name was Sunda Kelapa. The Port of Jakarta is the capital and biggest city of Indonesia. The Port of Jakarta lies on the northwest coast of the island of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung River about 116 nautical miles east-southeast of the Port of Panjang on the island of Sumatra. The twelfth largest city in the world, the Port of Jakarta is an important center for education and industry. In 2007, over 8.4 million people lived in the Port of Jakarta.
The economy of the Port of Jakarta is dependent on financial services, manufacturing, and trade. The city's manufacturing sector is diverse and includes makers of electronics, chemicals, automobiles, and products that support mechanical engineering and biomedical sciences. One of Indonesia's busiest cities, the Port of Jakarta has a relatively high per capital income for the country.
The Port of Jakarta is the biggest seaport in Indonesia and one of the biggest in the Java Sea region. With annual capacity for about 45 million tons of cargo and four million TEUs of containerized cargo, the Port of Jakarta is a major employer with over 18 thousand workers.
In 2007, over 17.8 thousand vessels carried a total of almost 42 million tons of cargo and 3.7 million TEUs of containerized cargoes through the Port of Jakarta. This total included 10.5 million tons of containerized goods in 3.7 million TEUs, 8.2 million tons of liquid bulk cargo, 7.9 million tons of general cargo, 8.2 million tons of dry bulk cargo, and 1.8 million tons of bag cargo. The Port of Jakarta also welcomed more than 438 thousand passengers in 2007.
The Port of Jakarta's Container Port (JCP) is the largest container terminal in Indonesia and the country's national hub port. The August 2004 Indonesian Commercial Newsletter announced that Indonesia would employ Japanese technology to build a new port in Jakarta. Recognizing that Jakarta's traditional port, Tanjung Priok had not seen improvements for 150 years, the new Port of Jakarta (Djakarta) would help meet the growing demands of import and export traffic.
The Port of Jakarta contains twenty terminals devoted to general, dry bulk, liquid bulk, and containerized cargoes. Specialized terminals handle oil, chemicals, scrap, and passengers. The Port of Jakarta has quays of a total 16.8 thousand square meters in length with 76 berths. The Port of Jakarta also contains storage areas of 661.8 thousand square meters with capacity to store over 401.4 thousand tons of cargo.