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Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Port Of Laem Chabang, Thailand

The Port of Laem Chabang lies on the southeastern shores of the Gulf of Thailand about 50 nautical miles south-southeast of Bangkok and about 32 nautical miles north of Thailand's Sattahip Commercial Port. In 2006, almost 62 thousand people lived in the Port of Laem Chabang.


The Port of Laem Chabang is the third largest port in Thailand, and it was created to take some of the burgeoning commercial traffic that was overloading the Port of Bangkok. It is also the major cruise port for Bangkok. In 2007, the American Association of Port Authorities (APPA) ranked the Port of Laem Chabang as the 21st busiest container port in the world. The local economy is based on shipping, retail, and tourism. The Port of Laem Chabang is home to the world-class golf course designed by Jack Nicklaus at the Laem Chabang International Country Club and an ExxonMobil refinery.


Since the Port of Laem Chabang began operating in 1991, it has become the biggest port in the country and one of the busiest in the world. Much of Thailand's international trade and tourism passes through the Port of Laem Chabang. In 2007, the government approved construction of railways to link the Port of Laem Chabang to inland cities of Lat Krabang and Korat.




The Port Authority of Thailand governs the activities and operations of the Port of Laem Chabang. The Port of Laem Chabang is Thailand's major deep-sea port handling international freight. The Port of Laem Chabang can accommodate extra-large super post Panamax vessels. The Port Authority of Thailand (PAT) administers both the Port of Bangkok and the Port of Laem Chabang. With the growth in ocean-borne trade, the PAT has grown in both responsibility and size. Today, it is responsible for all port infrastructure supporting Thailand's increasing exports.


The Port of Laem Chabang lies some 100 kilometers southeast of Bangkok at the heart of the thriving Cholburi Province economy which also includes the fishing port of Si Rachi and the beach resorts of Pattaya. The Port of Laem Chabang covers about one thousand hectares and serves large ocean-going container ships and bulk carriers carrying cargoes to be transshipped to Bangkok and other parts of Thailand.


The long-term plan for the Port of Laem Chabang envisions it as a link with other countries in Indochina through water, road, and air transportation networks. The Port of Laem Chabang Industrial Estate Export Processing Zone, located near the port, covers 480 hectares and over 50 industrial operations that import many materials and export products through the Port of Laem Chabang. Furthermore, the Port of Laem Chabang Shipyard is being developed to build and service ships according to the highest international standards.


The Port of Laem Chabang has modern facilities and equipment to handle large volumes of cargo with efficiency and timeliness. The Port of Laem Chabang has large mobile cranes, top loaders, shifters, rail-mounted gantry cranes, and container shifters to handle any type of cargo. The Port of Laem Chabang leases out the operation of its container and bulk terminals to private operators. Thailand is the world's largest exporter of tapioca products, and the Port of Laem Chabang's agribulk terminals handle most of those exports.


In 2008, over eight thousand vessels called at the Port of Laem Chabang. The vast majority of these vessels were cargo ships (5,975). The total also included 267 general cargo vessels, 674 roll-on/roll-off vessels, and 26 passenger vessels. In 2008, the Port of Laem Chabang handled a total of more than 5.2 million TEUs of containerized cargo carrying over 52 million tons of cargo and over 2.7 million tons of general merchandise. General merchandise included over 2.2 million tons of exports, and containerized cargoes included more than 2.6 million TEUs of exports and almost 2.6 million TUEs of imports. The Port of Laem Chabang handled over 861.8 thousand cars, including more than 799 thousand outgoing vehicles. In the same year, more than 55 thousand passengers moved through the Port of Laem Chabang.

The Port of Laem Chabang's Wharf A is operated by Company LLC M Limited under a 30-year contract. The pier is 590 meters long and has capacity to handle about 750 thousand tons of cargo per year. Operated by Laem Chabang Cruz Center Company Limited, Wharf A1 serves the Star Cruises, the world's third largest cruise operator.


Wharf 2A is operated by the Laem Chabang International Terminal Limited under a 30-year contract. The pier is 400 meters long with alongside depth of 14 meters. The Port of Laem Chabang Container Terminal is part of one of Thailand's biggest commercial undertakings. Located only two hours' drive from Bangkok, the modern Laemchabang Container Terminal offers a 400-meter long wharf that can accommodate Panamax vessels to 50 thousand DWT and includes handling areas for containers and general cargo, terminal buildings, and easy access to the country's network of roads and highways. The Port of Laem Chabang International Container Terminal handles about a million TEUs of cargo per year. Operated by the Company Hutchison Laem Chabang International Terminal Limited, Wharf A3 has a 350 meter long pier with alongside depth of 14 meters, and it handles about 400 thousand TEUs per year.


The Port of Laem Chabang's Wharf A4 is operated by the Limited Inventory of the Gulf of Thailand. The pier is 250 meters long with alongside depth of 14 meters. The wharf handles products, sugar, and molasses and has a capacity for receiving general cargo vessels to 40 thousand DWT and handling about 700 thousand tons of cargo per year.


Mercer Company operates the terminals at the Port of Laem Chabang's Wharf A5. The wharf has a 450 meter long pier with alongside depth of 14 meters and serves roll-on/roll-off cargoes, particularly cars. The wharf can accommodate general cargo vessels to 70 thousand DWT and exports as many as 700 thousand cars per year.
The Port of Laem Chabang's Navy Pier B is operated by LCB Container Terminal 1 Limited under a 27-year contract. The pier is 300 meters long with alongside depth of 14 meters and can accommodate vessels to 50 thousand DWT. The Navy Pier B has capacity about six million TEUs of containerized cargo per year.
The Ever Green Company Container Terminal Limited operates Wharf B2 in the Port of Laem Chabang under a 27-year lease. The pier is 300 meters long with alongside depth of 14 meters, and it can accommodate vessels of up to 50 thousand DWT. The wharf handles about 600 thousand TEUs per year.


Navy Pier B3 in the Port of Laem Chabang is operated by Eastern Sea Laem Chabang International Terminal Limited under a 27-year lease. The pier is 300 meters long with alongside depth of 14 meters, and it can accommodate vessels to 50 thousand DWT. The Port of Laem Chabang's Navy Pier B3 handles about 600 thousand TEUs per year.


ATI PS Company Limited operates the Port of Laem Chabang's Wharf B4 under a 27-year lease. The pier is 300 meters long with alongside depth of 14 meters, and it can accommodate vessels of 50 thousand DWT. Wharf B4 handles about 600 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo per year.


Wharf B5 in the Port of Laem Chabang is managed and operated by the Laem Chabang International Terminal Company under a 30-year contract. The pier is 400 meters long with alongside depth of 14 meters. It can accommodate vessels to 50 thousand DWT and can handle about 800 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo per year.


The Company Hutchison Robert Mercer Limited operates Navy Pier C in the Port of Laem Chabang. The pier is 500 meters long with alongside depth of 16 meters and handles roll-on/roll-off cargo. The Navy Pier C handles about 1.1 million vehicles per year. The Port of Laem Chabang's Wharf C0 is also operated by the Company Hutchison Robert Mercer Limited. The 500 meter long pier has alongside depth of 16 meters and capacity to handle about 1.1 million vehicles per year.


The Port of Laem Chabang's Wharf C1 is operated by Company Hutchison Laem Chabang International Terminal Limited under a 30-year contract. The wharf contains two berths, each with alongside depth of 16 meters, of 700 and 500 meters in length. The pier handles project cargo and about one million TEUs of containerized cargo per year. The company also operates the Port of Laem Chabang's Wharf C2, also with two berths of 700 and 500 meters in length and with alongside depth of 16 meters. Wharf C2 handles about a million TEUs per year. The Company operates Wharf C3 with a 500 meter long pier with alongside depth of 16 meters and annual capacity for about one million TEUs.

LCB Container Terminal 1 Limited operates Navy Pier D in the Port of Laem Chabang. Wharf D1 has a 700 meter long pier, and Wharves D2 and D3 each have 500 meter long piers.

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