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Monday, May 30, 2011

Port Of Shanghai, China

The Port of Shanghai is China's most populous city, the world's second busiest seaport, and one of the world's largest cities by area. Located on the mouth of the Yangtze River in east central China off the East China Sea, the Port of Shanghai is a municipality with province status in the People's Republic of China. The Port of Shanghai is about 421 kilometers southeast of the Port of Lianyungang and about 430 nautical miles north of the Port of Taipei in Taiwan. It is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. In 2002, over 16.2 million people lived in the Port of Shanghai municipality.
The Port of Shanghai is China's leading commercial and financial center, and it has been called the world's fastest-growing economy. The Port of Shanghai rivals Hong Kong as the economic heart of the Chinese mainland, but Shanghai has stronger ties to the mainland and to the central government. The Port of Shanghai also has a more solid base in the manufacturing and technology sectors. Experiencing a building boom, Shanghai's architectural style is unique and recognizable in its range of height, design, color, and unusual features. The Port of Shanghai, located in the vicinity of Shanghai, comprises a deep-sea port and a river port.
In 2010, Shanghai port overtook Singapore port to become the world's busiest container port. Shanghai's port handled 29.05 million TEUs, whereas Singapore port was a half million TEU's behind.

The Port of Shanghai faces the East China Sea to the east, and Hangzhou Bay to the south. It includes the heads of the Yangtze River, Huangpu River (which enters the Yangtze River), and Qiantang River.

The Port of Shanghai is managed by Shanghai International Port which superseded the Shanghai Port Authority in 2003. Shanghai International Port Company Limited is a public listed company, of which the Shanghai Municipal Government owns 44.23 percent of the outstanding shares.

The Shanghai International Port (Group) Company, Limited (SIPG) is the sole operator of the public terminals in the Port of Shanghai. The SIPG was incorporated in 2003 when the former Shanghai Port Authority was reorganized. In 2006, the SIPG became a share-holding limited company whose major shareholders include Shanghai's municipal government, China International Terminals Company Limited, and Shanghai Tongsheng Investment Group Corporation. Shanghai State-assets Operation Company and Shanghai Dasheng Assets Company are minor shareholders.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG is responsible for handling cargo; transporting domestic and international cargo by land and water; de-stuffing, maintaining, manufacturing, and leasing containers; managing information on warehousing, processing, distribution, and port logistics; providing facilities for international passengers; piloting and towing vessels; and forwarding freight; providing in-port services; leasing port equipment and facilities; and building, managing, and operating port and terminal facilities.
SIPG operates 125 berths in the Port of Shanghai with a total quay length of about 20 kilometers. Of the total, 82 berths can accommodate vessels of 10 thousand DWT and above. SIPG owns public bulk, breakbulk, specialized roll-on/roll-off, and cruise terminals within the Port of Shanghai. It operates a total of 293 thousand square meters of warehouses and over 4.7 million square meters of storage yards. It also owns 5143 units of cargo-handling equipment.

The Port of Shanghai occupies an enviable geographic location, enjoys near-ideal natural conditions, serves a vast economically-developed hinterland, and has ample inland distribution facilities and infrastructure. The Yangtze River Delta contains a collection of some of China's most economically active cities. Agricultural and industrial activities in the Jianghan Plain and the Sichuan Basin are densely populated, and represent a powerful base for long-term sustainable growth of the Port of Shanghai. Each year, import and export trade moving through the Port of Shanghai represents one-fourth of the value of China's foreign trade. Each month, over two thousand container ships leave the Port of Shanghai, carrying their cargo to the world's major continents and markets.
Containers are the heart of the Port of Shanghai's business. Over the five-year period ending in 2006, container traffic through the Port of Shanghai increased from 6.43 million TEUs to 21.7 million TEUs. In 2008, the Port of Shanghai handled 368 million tons of cargo, including 28 million TEUs of containerized cargo, despite the worldwide financial crisis. The Port of Shanghai contains three major container areas: Wusongkou, Waigaoqiao, and Ynagshan.
In the Port of Shanghai's Wusongkou area is the Shanghai Container Terminals (SCT) Company Limited, a joint venture between the Shanghai Container Company Limited and Hutchison Port Holdings Limited. The SCT has three container terminals with 10 berths, 2.3 thousand meters of quays, and 550 thousand square meters of container yards.
Within the Port of Shanghai's Waigaoqiao Area is the Shanghai Pudong International Container Terminals Limited, a joint venture between the Shanghai Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone Stevedoring Company, Hutchison Ports Pudong Limited, COSCO Pacific (China) Investments Limited, and COSCO Ports (Pudong) Limited. Located on the Yangtze's south bank in the Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, the Terminal has 900 meters of quays in three berths that can accommodate 5th and 6th generation container ships. The terminal covers a total area of 50 hectares and includes a container yard with 8200 flat container slots that can stack 30 thousand TEUs simultaneously. It also has special-purpose areas for dangerous cargo containers and reefer containers, and it offers container stuffing and stripping sheds. This modern, technology-intensive Port of Shanghai terminal has 147 units of cargo-handling equipment and a high-tech information management system to manage cargo movements.
Also within the Waigaoqiao Area at the Port of Shanghai is the SIPG Zhendong Container Terminal Branch, a wholly-owned subsidiary of SIPG. Located on the Yangtze's west bank about 85 kilometers from the river's mouth, the terminal has a total of 1566 meters of quays in five container berths. Opened in 2000, the terminal covers over 160 hectares, and it contains world-class technological facilities, equipment, and information management systems.
The Port of Shanghai's East Container Terminal Company Limited in the Waigaoqiao Area is a joint venture between SIPG and APMT Terminals. The terminal has a total of 1250 meters of quay in four container berths. Covering an area of more than 150 hectares, The Shanghai East Container Terminal strives to be the world's leading container terminal providing its customers with world-class performance, efficiency, and reliability. During its first year of operation, this Port of Shanghai terminal handled a record of over one million TEUs of containerized cargo. The terminal has received many awards for performance.
Shanghai Mingdong Container Terminals Limited, in the Port of Shanghai's Waigaoqiao Area, is a 2004 joint venture between SIPG and Hutchison. Located at the estuary of the Yangtze River, the terminal covers 163 hectares and contains four container berths and 1.1 thousand meters of quays. With a location that allows vessels of 50 thousand DWT, the terminal contains two domestic feeder line berths with 190-meter long quays and alongside depths of 12.8 and 4.0 meters.
The Port of Shanghai's Yangshan Deepwater Port contains the Shanghai Shengdong International Container Terminal Company, Limited, owned and operated by SIPG. The company manages and operates the terminals at the deepwater port and operates the nearby International Logistics Park. Launched in 2005, the terminal and logistics park are equipped with the latest technology to assure production efficiency and management systems. Capable of handling more than 2.2 million TEUs of containerized cargo, the terminal has a 3000-meter-long deep-water quay, and 34 of the world's most modern container quay cranes as well as ample additional handling and transportation equipment and facilities.
The Port of Shanghai also has non-container terminals that support the economic development of the Yangtze River Valley. Primarily located on the Huangpu River that feeds the Yangtze, they serve as distribution centers for the Port of Shanghai's hinterlands.
The SIPG Minsheng Controlled Company in the Port of Shanghai specializes in handling, storing, and transporting imports of bulk grains, oils, feeds, and exports of rice and other breakbulk and bulk cargoes. The terminal contains four 10-thousand-ton berths with alongside depth of 10 meters and total quay length of 738 meters. The terminal covers 17 hectares and includes two silos with total capacity for 120 thousand tons of grains.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Nanpu Branch, in the Pudong New Area, owns and operates two terminals, the Bailianjing Terminal and the Tangkou Terminal. With easy access to water and land transportation networks, the SIPG Nanpu Branch has four 10-thousand-ton deep-water berths, two one-thousand-ton berths, and 43 thousand square meters of storage hard. The terminals handle about five million tons per year of iron and steel, wood, and other breakbulk and bulk cargoes.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Coal Branch handles mostly coals and sand and gravel, and it acts as a shipping agency. The terminals cover an area of 573.5 thousand square meters and have quays totaling over two thousand meters in length. The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Coal Branch has four terminal management offices and 17 berths throughout the Huangpu River area and total storage yards of 204 thousand square meters. The combined throughput of these berths exceeds 30 million tons per year.
The SIPG Xinhua Company in the Port of Shanghai is one of the biggest comprehensive organizations in the Pudong area that handles foreign freight. Operating nine 10-thousand-ton berths with alongside depth of 10.5 meters and total quay length of 1584 meters, the company operates a total area of 422 thousand square meters. The company handles over ten million tons of cargo in the Port of Shanghai each year. Cargoes include metallic ores, chemical fertilizers, and bulk cargoes that include heavy items, steel products, and building materials).
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Zhanghuabang Company is four kilometers from the mouth of the Yangtze on the Huangpu River. Covering a land area of 200 thousand square meters, the terminal has three 10-tgousand-ton berths and 540 meters of quays. The terminal handles about 1.8 million tons of cargo per year. This Port of Shanghai terminal specializes in handling containers, steel products, and large and heavy equipment and installations.
The SIPG Jungong Road Branch in the Port of Shanghai is located within the deep-draft channel of the Huangpu River. Covering an area of 251 thousand square meters, the terminal has four multi-purpose berths with total quay length of 743 meters and 143 thousand square meters of warehouses and storage yards. Handling foreign cargoes of iron, steel, vehicles, pulp, equipment, containers, and bulk cargoes, this Port of Shanghai company also conducts container inspections and acts as a shipping agent. It is also involved in motor transportation, manufacturing of tools and rigging, and leases and exports management technology.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Boashan Terminal Branch was designed in 1990 to handle 2.9 million tons of cargo per year. Its main business is servicing containers, bulk and breakbulk cargoes, steel products, and massive cargoes. Located near the Bao Steels Group and four kilometers from Wusongkou, the terminal covers 525 thousand square meters, including land area of 270 thousand square meters, and it contains quays of a total 780 meters in length (in three berths of 10-thousand-tonnage and two berths of two-thousand-tonnage). The container yard inside the Port of Shanghai is 104 thousand square meters, and the container yard outside the Port of Shanghai is 100 thousand square meters. The terminal also has 34 thousand square meters of storage area.
Serving the Hangzhou-Jiaxing-Huzhou region, the SIPG Longwu Branch in the Port of Shanghai is located on the upper Huangpu River. The facility has nine cargo vessel berths, including five container berths, and 20 inland barge berths. Covering about 740 thousand square meters in the Port of Shanghai, the Longwu Branch is engaged in a number of activities that include cargo-handling, freight agency services, water and land transport of goods, and manufacture and maintenance of machines.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Luojing Subsidiary Company specializes in handling bulk cargoes. Located on the Yangtze's south bank about 38 kilometers from the city center, this new high-tech port area covers about 500 thousand square meters and has an unloading quay with alongside depth of 11 meters. The unloading quay can accommodate vessels up to 180 thousand DWT (after load reduction), and the loading quay (with alongside depth of 8 meters) can accommodate ships on either side. The company supports the Port of Shanghai's large steelworks on the Yangtze and iron ore merchants. The storage yard has capacity for more than 1.1 million tons of cargo.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Passenger Transport Corporation handles passenger traffic and domestic freight. Located in the North Bund Area, the waterfront terminal contains eight berths of a total 1.1 thousand meters that can accommodate vessels from 7 to 10 thousand DWT.
The first terminal in China, and the only terminal in the Port of Shanghai, that handles roll-on/roll-off traffic is the Shanghai Haitong International Terminal. It provides comprehensive logistics services. The Phase 1 Terminal berth is 219.4 meters long with alongside depth of 14 meters, and it can accommodate 5th and 6th generation roll-on/roll-off vessels. This Port of Shanghai terminal covers 265 thousand square meters, and it has a yard that can park seven thousand cars. The terminal offers other services that include PDI, battery charging, and tire inflation. The Phase 2 terminal will cover an area of 100 thousand square meters and contain specialized facilities like warehouses for vehicles and components.
The Port of Shanghai's Yangtze River Strategy seeks to foster the port's container market and strengthen its cargo-consolidation network by increasing hinterland cargo sources and increasing exports. The SIPG will promote the upgrading of vessel size and standards in the Port of Shanghai and improve navigation and shipping capacity to create a regional cargo-gathering network that covers the whole Yangtze River Valley.
The Port of Shanghai's Northeast Asia Strategy aims to develop ship-to-ship transshipment operations, to establish the Port of Shanghai as an international shipping center, and to rapidly develop the SIPG. The strategy involves focusing the functions and services provided by the Yanghsan deep-water port and the Waigaoqiao and Wusongkou port areas to increase efficiency, establish an effective and economical barging system, and to integrate port operations. The SIPG will develop a cargo-gathering public feeder network in the Port of Shanghai for the Northeast Asia region and develop seamless connections between for the Yangtze and coastal and international transshipment. The theme of the marketing effort is the concept of "The Port of Shanghai, Your Best Choice."
SIPG will implement an Internationalization Strategy to increase the Port of Shanghai's capacity for international operations, improve its management of international trade, and form a cross-regional, multi-national network that serves both the domestic and international markets.

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